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TerrorismCentral Editorial Staff

TerrorismCentral Newsletter - January 28, 2006

TerrorismCentral, January 28, 2006


From Algeria's Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat's name change to Zimbabwe's land policies, these news summaries cover key events from around the globe. In addition to terrorism and political violence, there is extensive reporting on emerging threats such as new and re-emergent infectious diseases, issues related to critical infrastructures including data theft and security, and new measures to reduce the impact of disasters. This week's Recommended Reading looks the World Economic Forum and the World Social Forum and their contrasting approaches to globalization.



1. Global Terrorism Monitor
2. Political Risk Monitor
3. AML/CFT Monitor
4. Emerging Threat Monitor
5. Critical Infrastructure Monitor
6. Disaster Reduction Monitor
7. Recommended Reading
8. Asset Management Network News

1. Global Terrorism Monitor

Terrorism is a global phenomenon, and The Global Terrorism Monitor, is the only publication that directly addresses the key transnational issues this represents. Published monthly, it includes expert analysis, statistical trends, and the policies, practices, and technologies that help to mitigate this persistent threat.
GTM Africa
Algeria's main Islamic militant group, the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) has changed its name to al Qaeda, following approval from bin Laden.

Chad arrested a man who hijacked a Sudanese passenger jet and diverted it to N'Djamena, Chad's capital. The hijacker was armed with a machine gun but the incident ended peacefully with all 103 on board safe. The hijacker was seeking political asylum from persecution in Sudan, and asked the French embassy in Chad to guarantee his safety.

Kenyan police are attempting to crack the password on the laptop computer belonging to terror suspect Abdalla Fazul’s wife, Halima Badroudine Fazul, who was carrying it when she was arrested about two weeks ago on the Kenya-Somalia border.

Unknown gunmen in the southern Nigerian city Port Harcourt abducted one British and one US construction worker as they traveled to work on Tuesday. Nine Chinese oil workers were attacked and taken hostage on Thursday.

Five Chinese workers abducted 5 January and freed after 13 days arrived home in Beijing where they described their experience as "hell on earth".

The Movement for Emancipation of the Niger Delta (MEND) explained that they seized 24 foreign workers and a cargo ship last Saturday because the federal government was threatening to take action against them rather than meet their demand for the release of former Bayelsa State governor Chief Diepreye Alamieyeseigha, a symbol of the Ijaw struggle,

Insecurity in Somalia has increased following the ouster of the Union of Islamic Courts (UIC) last month. On Tuesday, the US conducted a second air strike reportedly targeting an al Qaeda suspect. In Mogadishu, mortar attacks at the airport injured four people on Wednesday. On Thursday unknown gunmen opened fire on troops at a southern market in Kismayo, killing one Ethiopian soldier and injuring a second. A series of attacks in Mogadishu on Friday killed five people, while four were injured in mortar attacks.

Sudanese police in Darfur arrested and mistreated 20 aid workers and African Union peacekeepers, including five UN staff seriously injured during the attack on the aid compound. Government aircraft continue bombing the area despite the ceasefire. President Omar al-Bashir says the bombings do not breach the ceasefire because they have no option but to use armed force in response to rebel attacks.

South Sudan President Salva Kiir said he would call for mass action against Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) rebels if they continue to terrorize his people.

Save the Children calls on donors to prevent the breakdown of negotiations between Uganda and the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), in a conflict that has harmed tens of thousands of children, including up t 25,000 kidnapped and forced to work as child soldiers and slaves. Thousands of children are still missing or held in captivity in Uganda.
GTM Americas
Canada's government issued a formal apology to Mahar Arar and gave him C$10.5 million in compensation for its role in his US-orchestrated deportation to Syria, where he was tortured. Although cleared of any involvement in terrorism in a 2-year Canadian inquiry, the US refuses to remove Arar from their terrorism watch lists.

Following the discovery of traces of mustard gas in the body of former Chilean President Eduardo Frei Montalva his family plans to file suit to reclassify his death, which had been blamed on infection following a stomach illness, to murder. They want a new investigation now that this new evidence indicates that he may have been murdered under General Augusto Pinochet's regime.

Colombia continues to take testimony from former paramilitary commander Salvatore Mancuso as revelations continue to implicate President Uribe's allies and serving officials. One high-ranking officer was suspended on Friday. The US has provided information and support to address drug trafficking, but should consider doing the same to help reveal the secrets behind the death squads.

Frank Bajak turns his pen to discuss the fight over land that underpins long-running conflict in Colombia.,,-6375892,00.html

US President Bush's plans to increase troop levels in Iraq drew a mocking response from al Qaeda deputy leader Ayman al-Zawahri: " Why send 20,000 only? Why not send 50 or 100,000? Aren't you aware that the dogs of Iraq are pining for your troops' dead bodies?", among other things.

Bush has authorized US forces in Iraq to use any means necessary to counter Iranian agents, which he accuses of fueling the violence in Iraq.,,1999698,00.html

Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff addressed the World Economic Forum, warning that "What we face in the 21st century is the ability of even a single individual , and certainly a group, to leverage technology in a way to cause a type of destruction and a magnitude of destruction that would have been unthinkable a century ago", and pointing to the increased threat of WMD.

Former Guantanamo Bay detainee Moazzam Begg has been asked to be a character witness for Damien Corsetti, one of his torturers, who is charged with torture.

The US Government Accountability Office released "Homeland Security: Progress Has Been Made to Address the Vulnerabilities Exposed by 9/11, but Continued Federal Action Is Needed to Further Mitigate Security Risks". The report finds that progress has been made and, "In general, these efforts have resulted in better airline passenger screening procedures designed to identify and prevent known or suspected terrorists, weapons, and explosives from being allowed onto aircraft". While the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) continues to prepare its risk-based framework, GAO makes no specific recommendations in this report, but points to dozens of prior reports and calls on DHS and others to "follow through on outstanding congressional requirements and recommendations by GAO and others to enhance security and coordination of passengers and checked bagging, and improve screening procedures for domestic flights, among other needed improvements".

The federal government and a group of Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski's victims want to auction online sanitized versions of his handwritten journals, diaries and drafts of his anti-technology manifesto to raise money for the victims. Kaczynski is engaged in a legal battle to preserve his assessments of 16 mail bombings and the suffering of victims and their families in their raw form for the public to read.

California has arrested eight former members of the Black Liberation Army in connection with the 1971 killing of a policeman.,0,4686445.story

Former Ku Klux Klan member and sheriff's deputy James Ford Seale has been charged with kidnapping and conspiracy in connection with the 1964 murders of two 19-year-old black teenagers, Henry Dee and Charlie Moore, in Mississippi. Seale has pleaded not guilty and asked for charges to be dropped.
GTM Asia Pacific
"Protecting Australia Against Terrorism 2006" describes the steps the government has taken to protect Australians and Australian interests against the threat of terrorism and outlines its partnership with state, territory and local governments and the private sector in developing the nationwide counter-terrorism capability.

Prime Minister Howard has told the US government that it must formally charge Guantanamo detainee David Hicks by mid-February. In the meantime, attorneys for Hicks are flying to Cuba to attempt to visit him and meet with his US attorneys.

The Hong Kong Security Bureau reports that low risk of terrorist attacks, but in case of such an unlikely event it has updated emergency advice.

On the Indonesian island of Sulawesi the week began with a police search for suspected Islamic militants that resulted in a shoot-out that left at least 12 people dead in the town of Poso, known for persistent violence between Christians and Muslims. Schools were closed, and extra police deployed. On Tuesday, Iswadi, Yasin ("Utomo"), and Faizul ("Yakub") surrendered to police in Poso. Police say the three militants received military training in the southern Philippines and Afghanistan. There were further clashes this week. Security officials identify one of those killed as Mahmud, an Afghan-trained militant member of Jemaah Islamiah. Meanwhile, militant cleric Abu Bakar Bashir has called for holy war against the police.,20867,21120196-2703,00.html

The International Crisis Group released a related report, "Jihadism in Indonesia: Poso on the Edge". The paper examines how a neighborhood in Poso became a stronghold of Jemaah Islamiah, and how a small group of men managed to terrorize the city for three years before their identities became known. They say that while the government’s new determination to crack down on violent jihadi networks in Poso is welcome, Poso must not become the new cause celebre for the country’s mujahidin.

The Philippines military continues its offensive against Abu Sayyaf and other militant groups in the southern islands. They report that in the same clashes that killed Abu Sayyaf leader Abu Sulaiman, that Indonesian militant Dulmatin, wanted for the 2002 Bali bombings, was injured.,20867,21125273-2702,00.html

One-armed septuagenarian Radullan Sahiron has become Abu Sayyaf leader following Sulaiman's death.

As security forces deal with Abu Sayyaf remnants, President Arroyo has ordered the military to turn its attention to the New People's Army (NPA), the armed wing of the Philippines Communist Party, and its practice of "revolutionary taxation". These efforts have involved significant levels of civilian casualties.,9171,1582112,00.html

Philippine authorities detained the tugboat MT Sungai Julan 1 on 1 January. They have been holding the boat and its seven Indonesian and five Malaysian crewmen for alleged oil smuggling, in conjunction with Philippine customs personnel. The investigation is continuing, so no arrests have been made.

Thai authorities released for lack of evidence all 19 people detained for questioning in connection with the New Year bombings..

In southern Thailand the violence continued. On Monday a bomb at a Narathiwat restaurant injured five, and a car repair garage owner was shot dead in Pattani. A drive-by shooting in Narathiwat killed two Muslim men on Tuesday. In Yala a Buddhist man was shot dead in a drive-by and three Muslim teenagers were injured when militants burst into their home and opened fire. A rubber tapper was shot dead on Thursday.
GTM Europe
The European Parliament's Temporary Committee on the alleged use of European countries by the CIA for the transport and illegal detention of prisoners criticized politicians and senior officials for failing to act, or to cooperate in the inquiry, even though European governments were aware of the secret renditions.

Brigitte Mohnhaupt was a hardcore member of the Baader-Meinhof Gang and responsible for the murder of banker Juergen Ponto. She was sentenced to five life terms plus 15 years, with a minimum of 24 years before being allowed to ask for parole. That time has now come, and German judges, and the country, are debating her release. Baader Meinhof was reconstituted as the Red Army Faction after the death of its charismatic leaders, and was responsible for the death of 34 people, most political and business leaders. The Federal Prosecutor has filed a motion for her release.,1518,461682,00.html,2144,2323136,00.html,,3-2560700,00.html

The Revolutionary Struggle, which claimed responsibility for a grenade fired at the US embassy in Athens, has threatened more attacks against Greek government and US targets. (in Greek)

In his annual threat assessment, Norwegian Police Security Service head Joern Holme said threats to the country remain low. However extremist groups and foreign spies present risks, and two major terrorist actions were averted. In addition, the service detected and deterred efforts to secretly obtain nuclear materials and technology from high-tech and research organizations.

Spain has set 15 February for opening the trial of 29 suspects implicated in the 2004 Madrid train bombings.

Switzerland is undertaking its first al Qaeda trial, in which seven defendants are accused of supporting terrorist activities.

Turkey has charged teenager Ayut Cengiz Engin with murder and membership of an armed group, and four others with forming an armed organization and inciting murder, in connection with the murder of Turkish-Armenian journalist Hrant Dink. His death and its aftermath garnered enormous public sympathy and unity, including a crowd of some 100,000 at his funeral.

Britain has deported two Algerian terror suspects, "Q" and "K", to Algeria despite the risk that they will be tortured.

Britain's Director of Public Prosecutions' Sir Ken MacDonald is at odds with the Prime Minister and Home Secretary after rejecting the claim that Britain is in a "war on terror". He warns that inappropriate response driven by fear could undermine civil liberties.,,1997247,00.html

The Police Ombudsman for Northern Ireland Nuala O'Loan has released the findings of her three-and-a-half-year investigation into a series of complaints about police conduct in relation to the murder of Raymond McCord Junior in November 1997. She has upheld a compliant from his father Raymond McCord that over a number of years, police acted in such a way as to protect informants from being fully accountable to the law. Police protected members of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) who committed murders, drug trafficking, and other serious crimes, while working as Special Branch informers, who helped ensure they were not caught. Investigation was deliberately destroyed to ensure there could be no prosecutions, and this could mean that none of the police officers involved will be prosecuted. However, a new unit within the police Historical Enquiries Team will reassess murders where there is suspicion of past collusion. PUBLIC STATEMENT 22-01-07 FINAL VERSION PDF.pdf,,1995664,00.html,,1996292,00.html

Loyalist Volunteer Force (LCF) member William James Fulton has been jailed for 28 years for 48 terrorist offenses, including murder and attempted murder.
GTM Middle East
Tense clashes in the Gaza Strip erupted into outright war on Thursday night. In the factional fighting between Hamas and Fatah at least 24 people have died, including a 2-year-old boy caught in the crossfire, and many more have been injured. There have been riots in the West Bank. More than a dozen people have been kidnapped. Fighting continued today. Hamas was forced to dramatically scale down celebrations to mark a year since their parliamentary victory. Hamas has accepted Saudi Arabia's offer to host unity talks.,7340,L-3357986,00.html

Prior to this outbreak, Israeli forces shot dead a 15-year-old Palestinian and arrested two, all unarmed, near a border fence. The other two boys were returned to Gaza. The survivors said they were looking for work.

Iran publicly hanged four men convicted of the bombings last year in the southwestern city of Ahwaz that killed eight and injured 45. Initially Iran had blamed British troops just over the border in Iraq for the incident.

Iraqi and US forces continued their assaults against a range of non-state actors across the country. On Monday in Baghdad two simultaneous car bombs at a Bab al-Sharji market killed at least 88 and injured 170. A drive-by shooting killed police Major Amer Fadhil. A mortar round that landed on an Amil house killed one civilian and injured a second. A Sunni woman bank employee was kidnapped; her body was found on Wednesday Police found 29 tortured and bullet-ridden bodies across the city. In Baquba, a bomb at a market killed 14 and injured 40. Gunmen kidnapped local government official Khaled al-Sanjari, and set his office on fire. A roadside bomb in Tal Afar killed three policemen and injured nine people. Fighting in Latifiya left two insurgents dead, and a policeman and child injured. Iskandariya police found the body of a man shot dead. Gunmen in Mussayab killed two men, one a contractor. Police in Rutba found the bodies of four people tortured and shot dead.

On Tuesday in Baghdad a car bomb near a gas station killed one and injured three. A roadside bomb injured three police officers. A car bomb killed two and injured five. In various districts of the city, 17 bodies were found. Fighting in Mosul killed five policemen and injured three. Near Kirkuk a drive-by shooting on the main road left two dead and a third injured. Mortar rounds in Suwayra killed six and injured nine. In Kut an Iraqi translator for US forces was shot and killed. Two US Marines died in combat in Anbar province. In Suwayra, fighting between gunmen and Iraqi security forces injured six soldiers and left three missing.

In the 24 hours to Wednesday evening, police retrieved 33 unidentified bodies, bound and tortured, across Baghdad. More fighting for control of the Sunni insurgent stronghold of Haifa Street left 30 insurgents dead and 35 injured. A US soldier was shot and killed in the area and two others were injured. Three mortars landed near City Hospital in central Baghdad, killing two and injuring 20. A Bayya'a roadside bomb killed three and injured ten. A suicide bomber in the Amariya district blew up near a police patrol, killing four policemen and injuring three civilians. A drive-by shooting killed Mustansiriya University professor Dhiyaa al-Mugoutir. The minister of higher education's motorcade was fired on, killing one of the guards and injuring a second. Gun and mortar attacks injured several others. US and Iraqi forces captured five militiamen and detained seven south of Baghdad. Near Latifiya, US and Iraqi forces killed five suspected insurgents and detained eight.

Forty unidentified bodies, tortured and shot were found across Baghdad in the 24 hours to Thursday evening. In central Baghdad a car bomb killed 26 and injured 64 in a shopping area. A Mureidi market was the target of another car bomb that killed one and injured 13. A motorcycle bomb in another market killed four and injured 20. A mortar round in the Ur district killed one and injured four. Fighting in Yarmouk district left one Iraqi soldier dead and three injured. Two rockets inside the Green Zone injured six people. A roadside bomb near a US patrol killed one soldier and injured three. In Falluja, a motorcycle bomb near a high school killed a boy and an elderly woman. Two bodies were found shot dead in Mosul, where gunmen also killed local council member Hussein Abdul Aziz. A suicide bomber in Tal Afar injured four civilians near a US patrol. Mortar rounds in a residential district of Haswa killed a man and injured a girl. Gunmen shot and injured two people. Dujail police found two bodies shot in the head. US forces arrested 12 suspected insurgents in Garma, and in Mosul arrested a suspected foreign al Qaeda operative.

On Friday a bomb killed 13 and injured 55 in Baghdad's Ghazil pet market. A roadside bomb injured two civilians in Amil district, where an armed assault in the evening killed five people from the same family and injured three. Near the Ali Bayaa Shiite mosque two civilians were injured in another roadside bomb. Hawija police found the headless body of a man who was kidnapped on Thursday. A body was found tortured and riddled with bullet wound north of Kirkuk. A US marine died of wounds suffered in combat in Anbar. Iraqi soldiers killed three insurgents and arrested seven others in various operations in Baghdad. A roadside bomb killed one US soldier and injured three in Diyala province.

Baghdad police found 40 bodies, most tortured and shot dead, including two women, across the city on Saturday. Two suspected suicide car bombers killed 15 and injured 55 in a mainly Shiite area of eastern Baghdad. In central Baghdad, a mortar round landed on a home and injured a civilian in a mainly Christian area, and a second mortar injured a person on Palestine Street. Mortars that landed in the Hurriya district killed one and injured ten. A rocket that landed in the Green Zone injured two people. Gunmen dressed in police commando uniforms abducted eight people from a central Baghdad computer store. Gunmen opened fire on a highway near Iskandariya, killing two and injuring two. A car bomb in Kirkuk killed two people. A roadside bomb near Hawija injured four. Saad Hussein al-Alwani, the head of the Ramadi branch of the Iraqi National Congress, was kidnapped on Friday and found dead on Saturday. US forces killed 14 suspected insurgents in an air strike in Diyala province.

Today US and Iraqi troops fought all day on the northern outskirts of the holy city of Najaf. Some 250 militants are reported dead. In Baghdad today 54 unidentified bodies were found around the city. A car bomb in the Sadr City district killed at least four, and five children died when a mortar hit their high school. A senior official in the industry ministry was ambushed on his way to work, killing him, his daughter, and two others. A bomb outside a warehouse in Kirkuk killed at least five bystanders. A primary school in Ramadi was bombed, killing two children.

Jordan's King Abdullah discussed terrorism and the "Shiite crescent" in this interview:,,1999399,00.html

Jordan's highest court has upheld the death sentence for Sajida al-Rishawi, who confessed to planning attacks on Amman hotels in November 2005 that killed 60 people. Although she wore a suicide belt it had failed to explode.

Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah said that the Lebanese opposition has deliberately held back from bringing down the government in favor of peace.

Militants in northern Yemen led by prominent Shia militant Abel Malek al-Houthi attacked military and security forces in northern Saada province. Clashes left six soldiers dead and 20 injured. In the same area, 45 Jewish people took refuge in a hotel after fleeing their village ten days ago when confronted by masked gunmen.
GTM South Asia
As Afghanistan's Taleban prepares for a spring offensive, attacks continued despite the winter weather. On Tuesday a suicide bomber outside the eastern city of Khost killed ten and injured 14. A Taleban ambush in the south killed nine. National Assembly member Mohammad Islam Mohammadi was shot dead and one of his bodyguards was injured on their way to Friday prayers. The gunman has not been identified.

In a Guardian interview, NATO commander in Afghanistan General David Richards warns that more troops and money will be required for a yearlong push to defeat the Taleban. In addition to a well-equipped and adequately staffed military campaign, he calls for the west to stop imposing its solutions on an Islamic society in an early stage of development; for President Karzai to step up anti-corruption efforts; to improve Afghan-Pakistan relations; to speed reconstruction' and to coordinate all operations across Afghanistan.,,1995868,00.html

In the northeastern Indian state of Assam, the United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA) is suspected in a number of attacks, mostly targeting migrant workers. Several died over the weekend. Village council chief and Congress Party member Chandra Churia was shot dead on Tuesday. On Wednesday morning security forces mistook three traders for rebels, and shot two dead: an inquiry was ordered. A bomb at a tea stall injured seven people.

In Indian-administered Kashmir, suspected militants threw a grenade at a bus stop. It missed the targeted army convoy and exploded on the road, injuring 13.

Nepal's former Maoist rebels, now disarmed and in parliament, have appealed to the US to remove it from its list of foreign terrorist organizations.

A suicide bomber in Pakistan's capital, Islamabad, killed himself and one other in the car park of the Marriott Hotel. In North Waziristan, a suicide bomber drove into a military convoy, killing four and injuring 23. Today, an explosion in the northwestern city of Peshawar killed at least 14 people, including two senior police officers and injured at least 30.

Fighting continues in Sri Lanka, including two roadside bomb attacks in northern Sri Lanka that killed two and injured nine, most civilians. The military has accused the Tamil Tigers of carrying out the attack. Sri Lanka's military reports destroying three boats it believes the Tigers were used to plan suicide attacks.

2. Political Risk Monitor

What may appear to be a small local event, like publishing a cartoon, can often turn out to have a surprising international impact. Your subscription to the Political Risk Monitor provides this analysis, as well as detailed profiles of individuals and other entities. Each monthly issue also includes quick tips for executives managing multinational operations.
PRM Africa
Democratic Republic of Congo's (DRC) stability is threatened by the failure to demobilize tens of thousands of fighters and train a national army.

In light of the continued stalemate between Eritrea and Ethiopia, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon recommends a 6-month extension for the UN mission. His latest report says that the impasse can lead to both renewed hostilities between them, but could also destabilize the wider region, particularly given recent developments in Somalia.

Ethiopian General Suem Hagoss announced on Tuesday the start of their withdrawal from Somalia. They plan to reduce the force by about a third the beginning of next week.

Gambia's ruling Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction (APRC) won 42 of 48 elected seats in the National Assembly. Opposition parties took five seats, and one was won by an independent. President Yahya Jammeh will appoint five more seats.

Ghana's King Nii Amugi II, who died 18 months ago, was buried on Saturday. The royal funeral attracted tens of thousands of people.

The general strike in Guinea entered its 13th day on Monday. In running battles with police, more than 30 people died and at least 100 were injured. Ten people were killed last week. On Tuesday, a heavy military presence limited the demonstrations and controlled the violence, while an investigation was launched into Monday's violence. Two trade union leaders released on Monday met with President Conte. Guinea's trade unions and opposition parties say that President Conte is too ill to govern and must step down. Saturday, as the death toll exceeded 60, unions and the government reached a deal and ended the general strike. President Conte will cede some powers to an unnamed prime minister to lead the government.

Near Kenya's capital Nairobi, armed men carjacked a US embassy vehicle and shot dead two female passengers.

Libya is dismissing more than a third of its government workers to lower public spending and stimulate the private sector. The 400,000 staff affected can choose to receive either three years salary or a generous government loan to start their own business.

Human Rights Watch calls for Rwandan police and judicial authorities to ensure prompt and effective law enforcement following recent killings of individuals participating in genocide trials in local gacaca courts.

The African Union is attempting, with little success, to assemble a peacekeeping mission in Somalia. The AU warns that an opportunity to foster stability is being squandered.

Moderate Somali Islamist leader Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed surrendered to Kenyan authorities. He could play a key role in national reconciliation.,,1996297,00.html (profile),,3-2560233,00.html

The International Crisis Group warns "Somalia: The Tough Part is Ahead":
"The international community must vigorously support a national reconciliation process in Somalia if the country is to avoid protracted conflict and the incubation of extremism. With the Council of Somali Islamic Courts having been driven from power in December 2006, the country has an historic opportunity for stabilization and reconstruction, but the government is weak, unpopular and faction ridden. The power vacuum in southern Somalia is rapidly being filled by the same warlords the Courts overthrew less than a year ago. For lasting peace, the Transitional Federal Government must negotiate transparently with Islamist elements and disaffected clan leaders to form a genuine government of national unity."

The humanitarian crisis in the western Sudanese region of Darfur will deteriorate this year unless key political decisions involving the government, rebel groups, and the international community are taken urgently.

Zimbabwe's Lands Minister now says that only a very few lucky whites will be able to keep their farms, and more land seizures are forthcoming.
PRM Americas
The International Court of Justice rejected Uruguay's request to force Argentina to prevent or end citizen-led blockades of their mutual border that have emerged during the dispute between the two nations over the construction of two Uruguayan pulp mills because ICJ is not convinced that Uruguay's rights are at imminent, irreparable risk from the blockades.

Bolivian President Evo Morales marked the beginning of his second year with a speech to congress promising further measures to alleviate poverty, including land redistribution to poor peasant farmers. During his 4-hour speech opposition members walked out in silent protest, while he moved on to discuss achievements and mistakes of his administration.,,-6364232,00.html (in Spanish)

At the start of his second term, President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva announced a $240 billion investment program in which the private sector would help improve critical infrastructures including roads, rail, and energy.

Ecuador has launched an investigation into the crash of two military helicopters that killed Defense Minister Guadalupe Larriva, her 17-year-old daughter, and five army officers.

UN peacekeepers in Haiti continued operations against gang violence. An operation on Wednesday involved an exchange of fire with criminals that left four dead and six injured.

Mexican border police have had their guns returned three weeks after they were confiscated to check if they had been used in drug crimes.

The global view of the United States' role in world affairs has significantly deteriorated over the last year according to a BBC World Service poll of more than 26,000 people across 25 different countries. The poll was conducted before the State of the Union address. Key findings include:
* 73 percent disapprove of how the US government has dealt with Iraq.
* The average percentage saying that the US is having a mainly positive influence in the world has dropped seven points from a year ago - from 36 percent to 29 percent - after having already dropped four points the year before. Across all 25 countries polled, one citizen in two (49 percent) now says the US is playing a mainly negative role in the world.
* 68 percent believe the US military presence in the Middle East provokes more conflict than it prevents and only 17 percent believes US troops there are a stabilizing force.
* World citizens also disapprove of the way the US government has handled five other foreign policy areas: handling of Guantanamo detainees (67 percent), the Israeli-Hezbollah war (65 percent), Iran's nuclear program (60 percent), global warming (56 percent), and North Korea's nuclear program (54 percent).

Massive anti-war rallies were held in the US capital this weekend, demanding the withdrawal of US troops from Iraq.

A beleaguered and increasingly isolated President Bush delivered his State of the Union address. He said that his plan to increase troop levels in Iraq provides the best chance of success and warned a newly assertive Congress to give the strategy a chance, and not undermine it. He also presented proposals regarding energy and healthcare.
* Energy
* Healthcare

The Democratic Party response, delivered by war veteran Senator Jim Webb, whose son is serving in Iraq, leveraged his personal experiences to focus on the war: "The majority of the nation no longer supports the way this war is being fought, nor do the majority of our military, nor does a majority of our Congress. We need a new direction".

In a USA Today interview, President Bush said he couldn't guarantee that all US troops will be out of Iraq by the end of his presidency because "we don't set timetables" and the "war on terrorism" will remain a "long struggle" for his successors. Vice President Dick Cheney called the suggestion that blunders in Iraq had hurt the administration's credibility "hogwash".

The US Senate Committee on Armed Services held a confirmation hearing for Lieutenant General David H. Petraeus, nominated to be General and Commander, Multi-National Forces-Iraq. During his testimony, he said, "The situation in Iraq is dire. The stakes are high. There are no easy choices. The way ahead will be very hard, but hard is not hopeless".

The US Senate Committee on Foreign Relations has rejected in a vote of 12 to 9, plans to send extra troops to Iraq as "not in the national interest". The measure moves to the full Senate next week. President Bush says it would have no impact on his decision.

The first "swiftboating" in an election still two years away, is the utterly false report that Democratic presidential contender Barak Obama had received training in a Madrassa, which also managed to smear fellow candidate Hillary Clinton.
PRM Asia Pacific
Members of the Lebanese Muslim Association, which runs the Lakemba mosque in the Australian state of New South Wales, asked militant Australian cleric Sheik Taj el-Din Al Hilaly to tone down his "freak show" rhetoric. After being informed that his sermon had to be apolitical, Hilaly cancelled it. He has also ruled out standing for election to the state parliament, a suggestion that had been mooted after his remarks on Egyptian television that Muslims were more entitled to live in Australia than Anglo-Saxon convicts.,21985,21124749-661,00.html

East Timor, Australia, and the UN have signed a security agreement to better improve coordination to end continued violence in the country, which increased again in the second half of the month.

The Japanese Coast Guard reports that Russian border police seized a Japanese fishing boat in waters near the disputed Northern Territories/Kuril Islands. The six crewmembers are being held for allegedly poaching.

Kyrgyzstan's parliament remains deadlocked.

Philippine President Gloria Arroyo has called on Nigeria not to take steps to release six seamen abducted last weekend for fear of harming them, and has banned workers from going to Nigeria until the hostages are released and security can be assured. There are nearly 4,000 Filipinos in Nigeria, most working in the oil industry.

Thailand has lifted martial law in 41 of the 76 provinces. It had been put in place following last September's coup. Prime Minister Surayud Chulanot has said that the government was willing to talk with ousted Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra about his return home, as long as he stays out of politics. Thaksin has expressed a desire to do so.
PRM Europe
Georgia's President Saakashvili has said that the return of Russia's ambassador is welcome, and Georgia is ready for dialog to put an end to their strained relations.

The UN has privately presented a plan for Kosovo, which is under review.,,-6372896,00.html

Wesam al-Delaema, a Dutch citizen born in Iraq, has been extradited to the US where he will be the first suspect tried in a US court for allegedly plotting attacks on US forces in Iraq.,,-6376121,00.html

Russia's Supreme Court upheld the closure of the Russian-Chechen Friendship Society, a rights group.

In Serbia's elections, the nationalist Serbian Radical Party won the largest number of votes, about 28 percent. This is not enough to govern, and efforts are under way to build a coalition, which is likely to be among the democratic and pro-European parties.,,1996257,00.html,1518,461593,00.html

In the Spanish capital Madrid, about a thousand youths took to the streets last Sunday night, armed with bats and knives to use against criminal gangs of Latin American immigrants they believe contribute to crime and unemployment. Three people were injured and seven arrested. (in Spanish)

UK Home Office Minister John Reid plans to divide the ministry into two departments, one for justice and one for national security, helping incorporate greater emphasis on civil liberties.

News of the World royal editor Clive Goodman has been jailed for four months and co-conspirator Glenn Mulcaire to six for intercepting royal aides' phone messages. The newspaper editor resigned following this ruling.

The findings of police collusion (see GTM/Europe, above) in Northern Ireland's Police Ombudsman's report generated a disagreement in the Assembly, where unionists blocked debate on the matter. A special team has been set up to reinvestigate the murders involved.
PRM Middle East
Efforts to form a Palestinian unity government have floundered amid a major increase in violence that has left scores of casualties. Saudi Arabia's King Abdullah has invited the rival leaders to Mecca for talks to end the factional fighting.

This week marked a year since Hamas was elected into office. International boycotts have fueled poverty, which in turn has contributed to factional conflict.,,1997742,00.html

Former Iranian President Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani has accused the US of stepping up confrontation by its actions, and attempting to undermine Iran's economy. He called for national unity to counter the US-led global conspiracy against Iran.

Iraq's parliament has voted in favor of Prime Minister Nouri Maliki's Baghdad security drive.

This support has not translated into changes on the ground, where training and deploying Iraqi troops remains a challenge.

Aid workers have warned of a growing crisis from refugees fleeing Iraq.

Israel's Knesset House Committee approved President Moshe Katsav's request for a leave of absence, following a decision by Attorney General Menachem Mazuz to indict him on a series of charges including rape and sexual harassment. Katsav has refused to resign, and attacked the media for "letting my blood" and "brainwashing" the Israeli public. The hearing will be held as soon as Katsav's attorneys have had time to review prosecution materials. Dalia Itzik is the acting president. Major General Gabi Ashkenazi was named the new military chief.

Lebanon began the week with a general strike called by Hezbollah and other opposition groups. After three days clashes with government supporters began to break out. A government supporter died on Tuesday, and when people gathered to mourn, fighting erupted. Six people were killed and 176 were injured. The strike was called off, but clashes continued. Fighting in Beirut on Thursday killed four and injured 150. A curfew was imposed, but has bee lifted. The violence has overshadowed a successful donor conference that garnered $7.6 billion.
PRM South Asia
NATO Foreign Ministers have agreed to increase civilian and military assistance to Afghanistan.

Taleban spokesman Abdul Hai Mutmain announced a $1 million fund earmarked for building schools in southern Afghanistan beginning in the spring.

Bangladesh's new interim government leader Fakhruddin Ahmed has promised to crack down on corruption and violence and to hold elections as soon as possible. He says the army can help. Emergency rule is still in place, and there is no timeframe for elections.

Indian security forces were deployed on Monday, a day after a boy died when police opened fire to stop riots between Hindus and Muslims. Forty people were injured in the clashes.

In Nepal the long-running Maoist conflict has been resolved only to open a new source of conflict, among the Madheshi population, which is a disadvantaged minority making up a third of the population. They have been denied citizenship, and find it nearly impossible to work in the government or army. Ethnic violence is new to the country, but incidents over the past 11 days have left several dead and dozens injured. Curfews have been imposed in three affected towns.

Pakistan reports that US-led coalition forces mistakenly killed one of its soldiers at a border post and injured two others. They lodged a strong protest, and the incident is under investigation.

Dozens of Sri Lankan journalists held a rally in Colombo to protest the killings of eight journalists in the past year, as well as kidnappings and threats. Reporters Without Borders described Sri Lanka as one of the most dangerous places for journalists.

Human Rights Watch has called on the government and the breakaway Karuna faction to stop abducting and forcibly recruiting hundreds of child soldiers in eastern Sri Lanka.

3. AML/CFT Monitor

Anti-money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism is not simply an issue of compliance with local regulations. It is a global crime that can only be understood by crossing national or regional boundaries. Subscribers to the monthly AML/CFT Monitor receive information and analysis of worldwide incidents, trends, legal and regulatory issues, modalities, and related topics such as financial fraud and narcoterrorism.
AML/CFT Incidents/Cases
In Bangladesh, criminal cases have been filed against senior Oriental Bank officials accused of forgery, embezzlement, and other charges. Among 23 accused are Orion Group chief Obaidul Karim and former managing Director Chowdhury Koyes Sami.

Belgian police raided offices of diamond dealers in Antwerp as part of the ongoing Monstrey Worldwide Services investigation. Several offices were closed, and there were several arrests. The managing director of one company suffered a heart attack while reading an arrest warrant, and died soon after.

Canadians John Lefebvre and Stephen Lawrence have been freed on bail following their arrests last week on money laundering and other charges connected with illegal online gambling involving billions and originating in the US, where they will face a hearing next week.

Gregory L. Ebner of Cincinnati, Ohio was sentenced to 24 months prison, three years of supervised release, and a $10,000 fine for his role in a scheme to structure money transactions to launder proceeds from prescribing controlled substances.

In Oklahoma, Lee Snider pleaded guilty to conspiracy to launder money in connection with accepting bags and briefcases containing money derived from drug trafficking and transporting it through his aircraft leasing business, Mach Aero International.

A Virginia Grand Jury issued a 10-count indictment to Monica Blair Yates. Charges include mail fraud, wire fraud and money laundering in connection with allegations that she falsely led CUNA Mutual Life Insurance customers to believe she was appropriately investing their funds while actually using them for her personal benefit. She continued this scheme as a Merrill Lynch employee.
AML/CFT Legislation and Regulation
Bangladesh has ordered a 6-month moratorium on Oriental Bank, following continued investigations into fraudulent loans and other serious problems. Criminal cases have been filed against senior officials.

From 26 January Hong Kong remittance and moneychangers must verify customer identities and record transactions of HK$8,000 ($1,024) or more.

Following orders from US financial regulators that Japanese banks must improve AML/CFT safeguards at their New York Branches, Japan's Financial Services Agency plans to strengthen rules for domestic banks.

Nigeria's Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) has set 31 March as the new deadline for banks to comply with the new anti-money laundering initiative, the Suspicious Transaction Reporting (STR), which requires the use of XML for reports.

A North Korean Foreign Ministry spokesman responded to US allegations that it has diverted UN aid to its weapons programs as follows:
"The DPRK has maintained good relations of cooperation with different bodies of the United Nations for several decades. And aid projects of the above-said bodies, including the UNDP, in the country have been carried out strictly in conformity with the UN regulations and in a transparent way. Nevertheless, the United States is kicking up another anti-DPRK racket over not much aid funds of the UNDP from the outset of the year to meet its dirty political aims. It talks about "offer of illegal funds" and cries out for "investigating aid projects" and "shelving aid program", asserting for no reason that the DPRK might have used the aid funds for the development of nuclear weapons. The United States has made every possible effort to put serious sanctions and blockade against the DPRK. And it is now seeking to intensify pressure on the DPRK and tarnish its image externally by means of blocking the legal aid projects of UN organizations with unjust reasons. As the UNDP has denied, the US assertions admit of no argument as they are a sheer fiction. News services of different countries have said that the U.S. hard-liners, who set in motion the unilateral financial sanctions on the DPRK as soon as the September 19 joint statement was published and drove the six-party talks to a deadlock, invented what it called "suspected diversion of illegal funds", timed to coincide with the DPRK-US talks in Berlin. Such comment is by no means accidental. The DPRK will continue to develop the cooperative relations with the UNDP and other bodies of the UN. However, it will not allow any attempt to politicize the aid project nor accept conditional or unjust aid at all. The U.S. will be wholly accountable for all consequences to be entailed by its ongoing reckless campaign against the DPRK. "

The Philippines Anti-money Laundering Council (AMLC) has increased surveillance to ensure that suspicious money does not end up funding unscrupulous politicians in upcoming elections.

Russia's Central Bank revoked a license from Evrostroybank CB for breaking repeatedly the law "On Money Laundering Abatement and Counter Terrorist Financing Act".

Alexey Frenkel, accused of contracting the murder of Russia's Central Bank deputy chair Andrey Kozlov, wrote a letter that questions the Central Bank's motives, and other matter:

South African dentist Dr Junaid Ismail Dockrat and his cousin Farhad Ahmed Dockrat, an Islamic cleric and businessman have been accused of links to al Qaeda and the Taleban, based on US claims. The South African government contacted the US regarding the allegations, which both men deny. Despite South Africa's diplomatic efforts, and criticism from human rights organizations, the US treasury has proceeded to designate the two men as financial supporters of al Qaeda, and has asked the UN to add the two men to the Security Council list of those linked to al Qaeda and the Taleban. South Africa has entered an objection to this by asking the UN to delay action There are no measures in place for the innocent to appeal their designation.

UK Economic Secretary Ed Balls published draft money laundering regulations to implement the EU Third Money Laundering Directive. The draft addresses regulatory burdens while proposing:
* extended supervision so that all businesses in the regulated sector comply with money laundering requirements, including estate agents, trust and company service providers and unsecured lenders;
* strict tests to ensure people running money services businesses and those who help set up trusts and companies are fit and proper;
* extra checks on customers that firms identify as posing a high risk of money laundering;
* a requirement to establish the source of wealth for those in high risk situations, for example those involving deals with high ranking public officials overseas; and
* a strengthened and risk-based regime in casinos, in line with, but stricter than, international standards.,,200-2559676,00.html

Mr. Balls also addressed the Financial Services Authority (FSA) Financial Crimes Conference.

The Bureau of Industry and Security of the US Department of Commerce has published the Final Rule imposing restrictions on exports and re-exports of luxury goods to North Korea. Talks regarding financial sanctions n North Korea will reportedly resume on 30 January.

The Federal Reserve Board and the New York State Banking Department executed a Written Agreement with Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation, Tokyo, Japan and its branch in New York that orders the bank to improve AML compliance policies and practices.

Sri Lanka will increase capacity of the financial intelligence unit to better investigate financial activities of charities and other concerns.
AML/CFT Modalities
Following a massive theft of personal information from a large multinational retail chain, there are calls for banks to contribute to solutions, by taking steps to ensure that even if data is stolen, it cannot be used.

North Korea may be looking to evade US sanctions by using gold exports.

4. Emerging Threat Monitor

Climate change, pandemics, and global economic imbalances are just a few of the threats emerging in this 21st century. Subscribers to the Emerging Threat Monitor stay a step ahead with monthly analysis of trends and responses worldwide. It offers executives a heads-up of new risks, and details of the policies and best practices gleaned from every country around the globe.
ETM Corruption and Transnational Crime
In China, blackmail payments to reporters are increasingly common.

However, China has launched a major anticorruption effort:
*Zhou Zhengyi, once China's 11th richest man, has been arrested on bribery and corruption charges. He had completed a 3-year sentence last May, following a conviction for fraud and stock market manipulation.
* China's banking supervisor has penalized 49 staff for funding an unauthorized power plant.
* Chinese auditors are investigating the misappropriation of more than $30 million funds that had been allocated for residents displaced by the Three Gorges Dam project.

German technology group Siemens faced a shareholder revolt over the widening bribery scandal, but the supervisory and management boards survived the protest, with promises that full explanations will be forthcoming.,2144,2326912,00.html

Former Volkswagen executive Peter Hartz was given a 2-year suspended prison sentence and $750,000 fine in a deal with prosecutors regarding his approval of illegal payments to members of the company's works council.

Indonesian Corruption Watch reported that 161 cases of corruption were recorded in 2006, up from 125 cases the year before. Losses also increased, from Rp5.3 trillion to Rp14.4 trillion ($1.6 billion).

A series of corruption charges against senior Israeli officials is reaching a peak with President Moshe Katsav's indictment on a series of charges including rape and sexual harassment of employees, abuse of power, obstruction of justice, fraud and breach of trust. Although he has taken leave during the hearing, he has not resigned.

A tape implicating Kenya's former finance minister David Mwiraria in covering up the Anglo Leasing affair was posted online.

New Zealand-based multinational dairy cooperative Fonterra has been implicated in the Iraq oil-for-food scandal, but has assured the government that it and its Vietnamese intermediary operated legitimately. The documents to back up their claim were unavailable.
ETM Economies and Financial Systems
The World Economic Forum closed the meeting with a conviction that promises will turn into global action. The top issues discussed included climate change, trade, globalization, and balanced security, including the Middle East.

The World Bank's latest EU8+2 Regular Economic Report indicates that real GDP growth strengthened in the region, not least in Poland, Slovakia, and Romania, as dynamics improved further in the second half of the year, but the Baltic States, Slovenia, and Bulgaria also grew at an even stronger rate than the year before, despite currency appreciation and some moderation in growth in the euro area. The report predicts that growth is likely to ease in most of the new member states in 2007 as growth slows in the euro area and output moves closer to potential. Tendencies to rising inflation and current account deficits are also noted. In addition, the report includes a Special Topic report on the rapid expansion of credit in "Emerging Europe" and associated vulnerabilities.

The International Labor Organization released their report, Global Employment Trends, which shows that the number of people unemployed worldwide remained at an historical high of nearly 200 million in 2006 despite strong global economic growth. Only modest gains were made in lifting some of the 1.37 billion working poor living on less than $2 per day out of poverty, and the pattern looks set to continue this year. Reducing unemployment and working poverty through creation of such jobs should be viewed as a precondition for sustained economic growth.

The Economist Intelligence Unit reports that fewer than half of companies monitor operating risk of emerging market investments on an ongoing basis, despite significant increases in these investments, as investors have found the risk/reward ratio increasingly favorable.

China's National Bureau of Statistics reports that the economy expanded in 2006 at the fastest rate in ten years, by 10.7 percent.

The Confederation of British Industry (CBI) warns that proposed EU cross-border trade laws will bog companies down in a legal quagmire, damage online businesses and undermine the UK's financial services sector. CBI says that under the proposals a UK firm selling its goods and services to consumers across the EU would no longer be secure in the knowledge that it is broadly governed by English law. Instead it would have to navigate a minefield of up to 27 different, often conflicting legal regimes - or, more likely, opt not to do business outside the UK.

The US House Committee on Ways and Means held a hearing on the Economic and Societal Costs of Poverty. Testimony included evidence that early intervention is the key to poverty reduction, and that efforts to address poverty needs to move beyond control of welfare recipients.
ETM Environment and Climate Change
Global climate change was one of the major themes of the World Economic Forum this week.

UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Executive Secretary Yvo de Boer says that a lack of global leadership on climate change, stemming from an unwarranted fear of economic hardship, is seriously hampering efforts to combat global warming, He pointed to India, which is hosting this year's Delhi Sustainable Development Summit, as an example of a country that is already successfully using economic incentives to encourage sustainable growth.

US Climate Action Partnership (USCAP), a coalition of chief executives of some of the largest US corporations, have called on President Bush to support a mandatory cap on greenhouse gas emissions and take other measures to tackle global warming. In the event, they were sadly disappointed. President Bush offered no emission caps. Instead, he suggested replacing gas with ethanol, and setting fuel efficiency standards. Although a major change from six years of denial and support for big oil, it offers no genuine contribution in the struggle to address climate change.

Computacenter has launched the Green IT Advisory Service to help business reduce the carbon footprint left by electronic equipment, such as the massive waste of leaving appliances on standby.

China's State Environmental Protection Agency found Jilin Petrochemical guilty of breaking environmental laws when in 2005 it discharged 100 tons of benzene, a carcinogen, into the Songhua River. They have been fined the maximum possible, a million yuan ($125,000) for the offenses.

Lebanon needs urgent international support to clean up widespread pollution and an overwhelming amount of debris caused by last summer's war between Israel and Hezbollah, including toxic substances, unexploded cluster bomblets, and other health hazards.

The UN Environment Program, Nepalese Government and the International Center for Integrated Mountain Development released "Kathmandu Valley Environmental Outlook". Their collaborative report cites a multitude of economic and human pressures causing environmental degradation: urbanization, population growth, unrestricted and poorly planned land development and insufficient coordination among Government agencies. Management of solid waste and wastewater is of particular concern, followed by air and water pollution. Unless urgent and decisive measures are taken to deal with these problems, harm to the environment will also harm development and growth.

The Independent, a British newspaper, has launched a campaign against waste that focuses on unnecessary packaging.

Hollings Marine Laboratory researchers in the US state of South Carolina have found a subtle chemical pathway by which normally inoffensive algae, Pfiesteria piscicida, can suddenly start producing a lethal toxin. This discover may explain the long-standing mystery surrounding occasional mass fish kills on the East Coast.

Ford is the latest US automaker to launch a test vehicle, the Edge, that runs on a combination compressed hydrogen and a battery pack that plugs in to an electric socket, but describe commercialization of the car as a long-term goal. Ford also announced plans to deliver a demonstration fleet of ethanol-fueled hybrids to six states.
ETM Human Rights
The UN General Assembly approved by consensus a resolution condemning Holocaust denial. Only Iran publicly disassociated itself from the resolution.

The International Federation of Human Rights (FIDH) and the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (HRCP) report that Pakistan has more than 7,000 people on death row, one of the highest numbers in the world, and in a country where flaws in the legal system make the punishment particularly discriminatory and unjust.

In the US state of North Carolina a judge has blocked three executions scheduled over the next three weeks until the state determines the role doctors play in lethal injections. This is the latest in a series of cases that question the use of lethal injections, and fuels support for a moratorium on executions.,0,7553094.story

In the US state of Mississippi, former Ku Klux Klan member and sheriff's deputy James Seale has been charged in the vicious 1964 murders of Henry Dee and Charlie Moore. These were among the worst incidents of the civil rights campaign, part of the notorious Mississippi Burning case involving the murder of three civil rights workers. Resolution of these horrors remains important today as the fight for racial equality continues.

Singapore hanged two Nigerians charged with drug trafficking despite pleas from Nigeria, the UN, and elsewhere. UN expert Philip Alston charged that Singapore had failed to respect international legal safeguards, pointing to the trial judge ruling that although there was no direct evidence that Iwuchukwu Amara Tochi knew the capsules contained heroin ignorance did not exculpate him. The international standard insists that l punishment may be imposed only when the guilt of the person charged is based upon clear and convincing evidence leaving no room for an alternative explanation of the facts

Routine torture in Egypt is the topic of this article:

China's President Hu Jintao ordered an immediate investigation of the beating death of journalist Lan Chengzhang, which has sparked an international outcry from media groups. Several arrests have been made.

Two major human trafficking cases opened in Europe this week. France is trying 56 people charged of participating in a Bulgarian baby smuggling ring. Italy has arrested nearly 800 people in a trafficking network involving mostly Eastern European women.
ETM Infectious Diseases
The year began with fewer avian influenza outbreaks this year compared to 2006, because there have been fewer cases associated with migratory birds. However, China, Egypt, Indonesia, Japan, Nigeria, South Korea, Thailand and Vietnam have reported outbreaks that have been destructive to farmers and additional human infections, and countries must remain vigilant. The poultry trade and transport of live birds, especially during upcoming holidays such as Tet and Eid, could result in further epidemics.

Key events this week include:
* Mass culls are underway in many Asian countries, and surveillance has been increased, including heightened alerts ahead of upcoming holidays
* Egypt has confirmed a new human H5N1 infection. Of 19 cases confirmed in Egypt, 11 have been fatal.
* Indonesia is culling all birds in affected areas, including those raised in backyards, and is relocating bird markets, slaughter and storage facilities away from populated areas. Troops are assisting.
* Indonesia has passed 80 H5N1 human infections, with 62 fatal through 22 January
* Avian influenza also affects mammals and insects, including recent cases involving cats and flies
* Hong Kong has identified H5N1 infections as well as a dead falcon with a milder form,
* Hungary has detected a new strain of H5N1 among a flock of geese
* Malaysia issued its highest-level warning
* Thailand has stepped up surveillance following a fresh outbreak and reports of bird deaths in many provinces, including ducks and chickens. A door-to-door campaign is reaching migrants to educate them on infection prevention.

Several articles regarding avian influenza are in the current issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases:
"Subclinical Avian Influenza A (H5N1) Infection in Cats"
"Code-based Syndromic Surveillance for Influenzalike Illness by International Classification of Disease"
"Avian Influenza Risk Perception, Europe and Asia"
"Compensation for Avian Influenza Cleanup"
"Pandemic Influenza School Closure Policies"

The US Senate Committee on Appropriations Subcommittee on Health held a hearing on Pandemic Flu Preparations. Much has been done, and more remains to be done.

In "Reduced Efficacy of Insecticide-treated Nets and Indoor Residual Spraying for Malaria Control in Pyrethroid Resistance Area, Benin", Raphael N'Guessan, Vincent Corbel, Martin Akogbeto, and Mark Rowland find that the pyrethroid knockdown resistance gene (kdr) has become widespread in Anopheles gambiae in West Africa, threatening the future of insecticide-treated nets (ITN) and indoor residual spraying (IRS).

Writing in PLoS Medicine, South African scientists and ethicists describe the threat of extremely resistant tuberculosis. In "XDR-TB in South Africa: No Time for Denial or Complacency" they describe the grave threat presented by this rapidly fatal disease, and argue that infected patients must be isolated, forcibly if necessary, to prevent the disease spreading. They also say, "If WHO is sincere in calling for the XDR-TB outbreak in South Africa to be treated in the same light as SARS and bird flu, then global efforts to develop rapid diagnostic tests and novel treatment regimens must be stepped up. In addition to drug development, the appropriateness of using these technologies in countries with TB/HIV epidemics needs to be explored. The determination of XDR-TB requires specialized laboratories and quality assurance, particularly when testing for resistance to second-line anti-tuberculosis agents. Moreover, while the diagnosis of MDR-TB may take weeks or months, new technologies, including liquid culture and PCR probes, can reduce this time. Efforts must be stepped up to sponsor and equip poor countries to address these challenges. Depending on how successfully the South African government controls the outbreak, as in the case of SARS, infection monitoring at hospitals, border posts, and airports may become necessary."

Yaws, which eats away at skin, cartilage, and bones, has re-emerging in poor, rural and marginalized populations in Africa, Asia, and South America after being nearly eradicated nearly 40 years ago.

New Civil Engineer reports that HIV/AIDS is jeopardizing South Africa's preparations for the 2010 World Cup.

Researchers at the University of Maryland Baltimore County are using earth science satellite data to see links between weather, disease, and famine. This is helping predict and prevent outbreaks of Rift Valley Fever in Kenya.
ETM Legal Systems
UK Home Secretary John Reid issued a statement reminding judges of existing guidelines that could be followed while taking into account the serious problem of prison overcrowding. This statement led to accusations, which have been denied, of judicial interference and changes to guidelines. There was particular condemnation of cases in which non-violent sexual offenders had been freed rather than imprisoned.,,-6372600,00.html,,1999890,00.html?gusrc=rss&feed=1

The US Supreme Court, in the case of Jones v Bock, ruled unanimously that a federal appeals court was wrong to make prisoner lawsuits even harder than Congress intended in the Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1995.

In the case of Cunningham v California, the Supreme Court invalidated California's criminal sentencing law. In a 6 to 3 decision the court found that the 30-year-old law gave judges authority that the Constitution places with juries. No other state is directly affected by this ruling, and its effect on California inmates will probably be modest.,1,881022.story
ETM Natural Resources
The World Social Forum called for urgent measures to address competition for natural resources and eliminate corruption, bribery, and plunder to help ensure that oil, gas, timber, diamonds, gold, and other resources are fairly shared with the communities from which they are derived.

Save the Children has called on governments to urgently eliminate child labor in mining, ensure they are not exploited at mining sites, and call on mining companies to support improvements in the working conditions and livelihoods of families involved in informal mining.

Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) reports that diamond exports from the main Miba mining company fell by 80 percent in the past year, mostly due to a violent conflict with illegal miners.

A project in Ethiopia is trying to save both protected eucalyptus forests and women who gather their wood.

Russia plans to further tighten control of foreign investors' access to the continental shelf and its resources.
ETM Populations
A group of forty Bushmen have returned to their homes in Botswana's Central Kalahari Game Reserve, despite a heavy police presence and attempts to persuade them to stay in the relocation camps.

Brazil's Enawene Nawe tribe is concerned that a series of dams could threaten their livelihood, which relies on fishing.

Indian police are being trained to protect the Jarawa tribe in the Andaman Islands.

In a series of articles, IRIN news organization documents the levels of violence and consequent needs of the population in different areas of Iraq.
Salah ad-Din
ETM Social Responsibility
At the World Economic Forum, Innovest released its list of the Global 100 most sustainable corporations in the world.

"The Political Economy of Corporate Responsibility in India" says that India is no exception to the rise of CSR around the world. This report describes the history of corporate paternalism in India, the current state of CSR, and its market drivers.
ETM Technology
The European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies (EGE) delivered its Opinion on the ethical aspects of nanomedicine. They found that:
* Nanomedicine offers the possibility of new diagnostic, treatment and preventive methods that may open up promising areas of medicine
* Addressing concern for safety with respect to nanomedical developments and nanotechnology in general) is essential
* Transparency including openness about uncertainties and knowledge gaps is also essential for public trust in nanotechnology
* There is need for prospective technology assessment, including consideration of social effects (also in developing countries); interdisciplinary research on the Ethical, Legal and Social Implications (ELSI) of nanomedicine; establishment of a European Network on Nanotechnology Ethics; and enhanced information exchange between research ethics committees among EU states or competent bodies in particular on toxicity studies, ELSI-related aspects of nanomedicine and informed consent procedures with regard to safety.
* New regulatory structures are not proposed, any necessary changes should be made within existing regulations

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) researchers have developed a simple technique for a miniature device to separate samples of proteins, amino acids, and other chemical mixtures, that could potentially be used in microfluidic "lab on a chip" systems.
ETM Weapons (WMD, Proliferation)
The UN Conference on Disarmament opened this week. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon opened the session by noting that military spending worldwide has risen to over $1.2 trillion, and said, "Our aim should be twofold: we must prevent any expansion of nuclear arsenals, and we must accelerate the reduction of existing weapons and stockpiles. All countries should move towards halting production of fissile material for weapon". The stakes are high: in 2006 the Conference could not even agree on a program of work.

North Korea has signaled that some flexibility in the next round of talks regarding its nuclear program is possible.

In response to UN economic sanctions imposed against Iran in December, 38 international nuclear inspectors were barred from entering the country. Other inspectors will be allowed, and IAEA can continue monitoring. However, Iran has demanded that the Belgian official in charge of the inspections, Chris Charlier, be removed following information that he has passed information to other countries and media organizations.

An article in the Telegraph cites a senior European defense official claiming that Iran is preparing an underground nuclear test with help from North Korea. US Secretary of State Rice said she is unaware of any basis to the report. IAEA director Mohamed ElBaradai says that Iran will begin installing its 3,000-centrifuge cascade underground next month. Iran denies reports that it has started installing the centrifuges. North Korea denies helping Iran.

Domestic opposition in Iran appears to be growing over President Ahmadinejad's nuclear stance. Former President Rafsanjani has set up a committee to assess the strategy, and urged a policy of negotiation.,,1997720,00.html

Israel, on the other hand, is increasing the temperature with Prime Minister Olmert's assertion that military action can be taken to stop Iran from developing nuclear weapons, and efforts to cut Iran off from world markets.,,1998992,00.html

Authorities in Georgia aided by the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) set up a sting operation last summer that led to the arrest of a Russian man who tried to sell a small amount of nuclear-bomb grade uranium. The operation had not been publicized until now, to try to put pressure on Russia to cooperate in identifying the source of the uranium, which is believed to have come from one of the states of the former Soviet Union, where control of these materials remains poor.,,-6370811,00.html

Note this new report from the Center for Nonproliferation Studies, "Recent Weapons Grade Uranium Smuggling Case: Nuclear Materials are Still on the Loose" by Elena Sokova, William C. Potter, and Cristina Chuen.

The investigation into former Russian spy Alexander Litvenenko's death by polonium poisoning continues. BBC Panorama's investigation suggests there may have been multiple attempts to kill him. The source of the poisoning is now identified as a cup of tea. British police are likely to send their findings to crown prosecutors next week, and are likely to implicate two Russian businessmen. If so, they would also be likely to die in the same way.

Here is the Health Protection Agency's latest update regarding polonium-210 public health issues.

This case has spurred drug manufacturers to develop treatments for polonium-210 poisoning.

Norwegian Police Security Service head Joern Holme released his annual threat assessment, which included information that they have detected and deterred efforts to secretly obtain nuclear materials and technology from Norway's high-tech and research organizations.

The UK government increased from 47 to 103 restricted agents listed in the 2001 Antiterrorism, Crime and Security Act from 47 to 103. It now includes 45 viruses, 21 bacteria, 2 fungi, 13 toxins and 18 animal pathogens.,,2-2564774,00.html

A Stanford University report raises a yellow flag over the efficacy of using syndromic surveillance for anthrax detection.

University of Florida researchers found in preliminary tests that a microwave could kill 98 percent of test spores, which may lead to an effective treatment for biologically tainted mail. Microwaves are also a cheap and simple way to destroy bacteria on dishcloths and sponges. It is important to ensure that the cloth or sponge is wet before microwaving, to avoid it catching fire.

Chinese victims of chemical agents abandoned by Japan after World War II have sued the Japanese government for medical costs, loss of income, and other damages associated with the rupture of a barrel of toxic gas that killed five and affected another 43, who suffer persistent health damage.

Malaysia passed legislation to implement the Chemical Weapons Convention last year, and has now launched its enforcement regime.

Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) have given strong backing to a report that aims to ensure greater control of the worlds legal and illegal arms trade. Globally, the world spends 15 times more money on arms than on international aid. Much of this is sold to countries that have poor human rights records, and a quarter of the trade in small arms is illegal. With a third of all arms exports coming from the EU, MEPs believe the EU has a duty to act.

China this week admitted that it had tested an anti-satellite missile in space, which they insist is for peaceful purposes. Only Russia and the US have similar capabilities. This test has led to calls for the US to deploy space-based missile defense, and warnings of a space weapons race.

Iran is preparing to launch a satellite into space on a modified ballistic missile.

NATO members Poland and the Czech Republic are discussing US proposals to install missile interceptors and radar systems as part of the US antimissile defense system. All parties say this is only a defensive system that could be expanded to include Russia. Russia believes that it poses a threat to global security.

UK Defense Secretary Des Browne insists that replacement of the Trident nuclear missile system is required to maintain a functioning nuclear deterrent against extreme threats to security.

The US Department of Defense has unveiled its first non-lethal counterpersonnel, directed-energy weapon. The purportedly non-lethal devise creates an intolerable burning feeling and is intended to repel enemies or disperse crowds.

5. Critical Infrastructure Monitor

The 21st century is the interdependent century. Understanding the implicit and explicit networks on which we rely, and the interdependencies among the sectors of the critical infrastructure is essential for business continuity, economic success, and our very survival. The Critical Infrastructure Monitor, published monthly, analyzes these sectors, regulatory frameworks, and issues of enterprise risk management in global supply chains.
CIM Agriculture and Food
The Food and Agriculture Organization released its annual report, The State of Food and Agriculture. It finds that a third of the $600 million annual global food aid budget is wasted due to conditions tying it to processing and shipping by national carriers of donor countries, and such in-kind aid should be replaced by cash payments that boost production in recipient states.

Western Central Pacific Ocean Fisheries Commission, the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission, the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission, the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas and the Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna, collectively known as the Regional Fisheries Management Organizations, have agreed in their first joint action plan to combat the decline in tuna stocks due to overfishing. In addition to data sharing, assessments, and transparent criteria for quotas, they will establish an international inspection program with penalties and sanctions for offenders.

The European Commission has announced plans to reform subsidies for fruit and vegetable farmers under the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP).
CIM Banking and Finance
The UK Financial Services Authority (FSA) says that insurance companies have met the deadline to ensure contract certainty: completion of contract terms in advance of the data a policy takes effect.

FSA has launched a new division to focus on financial crime.

Nasdaq has extended to 10 February its closing date for London Stock Exchange (LSE) shareholders to accept its hostile takeover proposal. Extension Announcement.pdf

The US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Federal Reserve have issued proposed joint rules known as Regulation R to define the extent to which securities brokerage activities of banks are subject to SEC regulations.

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation's (FDIC) Supervisory Policy on Predatory Lending describes its characteristics and reaffirms that such activities are inconsistent with safe and sound lending and undermine individual, family and community economic well-being. The statement describes the FDIC's supervisory response to predatory lending, including a list of policies and procedures that relate to consumer lending standards.

New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg and Senator Charles Schumer released "Sustaining New York's and the US' Global Financial Services Leadership". The report calls for a major shift in public policy lest financial markets, stifled by stringent regulations, and high litigation risks, lose businesses and high-skilled workers to overseas competitors, relegating New York and other US financial centers to regional market status, adversely impacting the US economy.
CIM Cybersecurity
Apple has released a patch for the QuickTime media playback software that had allowed installation of malicious code on vulnerable Windows and Mac OS X computers.

Cisco has released three security advisories to address multiple vulnerabilities in the Internetwork Operating System Software (IOS).

Hacker "Our Godfather" released a Trojan designed to steal Windows Live Messenger user passwords.

The Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT) Coordination Center released iCERT/CC Statistics 1988-2006. They recorded 8,064 vulnerabilities last year, a 35 percent increase over 2005. Web application flaws were the main source of the increase

Sophos annual security threat report finds that cyber crime will increasingly turn away from email and towards web. Lax security on US web sites is one of the reasons that the US is a cyber crime hotspot, hosting more than a third of sites hosting malicious code, and sending more spam than any other country.

The UK Metropolitan Police Authority released a progress report on e-crime that highlights the vast scale of the problem, which has become so large that police are struggling to cope with it and not all allegations can be investigated.

IdenTrust sponsored a study on identity management, which finds that recent well-publicized cyber crimes have led to a loss of trust in e-commerce. To combat such crimes, compliance with identity management is essential.

The data breach at multi-national retailer TJX may be the largest in history. So far it has involved at least four countries, scores of banks, and thousands of customers in serious compromises.

Nationwide Mutual Insurance reports that a lockbox containing computer backup tapes was stolen from a Concentra office, potentially exposing medical claim and health data of more than 28,000 customers. Tapes of Aetna clients were also stolen, exposing medical claim data of 130,000 health insurance subscribers.

Advanced Access Content System (AACS) acknowledged a limited breach in their disc copy protection system.

Biometric technologies such as fingerprint readers increasingly are being used for personal identification, but there are no guidelines for using biometric hardware and software that could lead to improved usability and interaction techniques. Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) conducted a study examining the effect of the work surface height of a fingerprint sensor on the quality and the time required to collect prints. The findings are available here:
CIM Dams and Bridges
Australia's prolonged drought has cast a more favorable light on new dam construction.

The US Army Corps of Engineers is lowering the Lake Cumberland water level to reduce the risk of a Wolf Creek Dam breach, which could cause catastrophic flooding in Kentucky and Tennessee.

California's Folsom Dam has a new security plan.
CIM Defense Industrial Base
Britain's Conservative Party reports that defense spending is at the lowest since the 1930s and lags behind Bulgaria, Greece and Turkey. These assertions and other matters are under review by the Commons Defense Committee.

The Boston Globe reviewed rulings by administrative judges that resolve disputed claims. They found that Halliburton Co., DynCorp International, and other US contractors have fought workers' compensation and medical benefit claims for hundreds of war-zone injuries to their civilian employees in Iraq and Afghanistan. Judges ruled in favor of the employee three times as often as they ruled for the companies and have ordered millions of dollars in compensation to workers whose claims were denied for years, even when the company's doctors agreed that a worker had been injured.

Jeremy Scahill, author of the forthcoming "Blackwater: The Rise of the World's Most Powerful Mercenary Army" discusses the US reliance of private soldiers in Iraq.,0,7395303.story
CIM Emergency Services
Paramedic Greg Friese of Emergency Preparedness Systems is attending a training session in Israel and is sending regular podcasts to,162225

In the US state of California, Los Angeles County is testing clinic care for chronic illness, in place of expensive emergency room visits. Many of the patients that rely on emergency rooms, which are legally obliged to provide treatment, are homeless, poor, and immigrants. Uncompensated care in the county reached $1.6 billion per year, and nine emergency rooms have closed in the last five years.,0,2119068.story

The city of Baltimore, Maryland, and its local hospitals have agreed to pool resources to respond in the event of a public health disaster.

New York's Metropolitan Transportation Authority invested $140 million for a radio network that can be heard above and below ground, but police won't use it because of widespread interference.

Walker County, Texas tested a proposed method of distributing inoculations and medications in the event of a biological incident. It involves a central, undisclosed point of distribution that is then given to law enforcement officers who in turn take it to distribution points for first responders and their families, then local government officials, then residents.
CIM Energy
The European Renewable Energy Council and Greenpeace commissioned the German Aerospace Center to conduct a study of sustainable energy. "Energy Revolution" provides a roadmap for meeting future needs with renewables and improved efficiency.

India and Pakistan have reached agreement with Iran for its natural gas. Their respective governments have three months to confirm the plan.

The Oran Group plans to build Scotland's first renewable energy plant using animal biomass by burning animal products from local abattoirs.

In his state of the union address US President Bush announced plans to double the US emergency oil stockpile.

He also called for an increase in biofuels at a level that is unlikely to be attainable and would probably have a negative impact on agriculture for food.
CIM Information Technology
Cisco has released three security advisories to address multiple vulnerabilities in its Internetwork Operating System Software (IOS).

Chinese Communist Party leader Hu Jintao has vowed to "purify" the Internet.

A New Jersey appeals court has held that Internet subscribers have a reasonable expectation of "informational privacy", which in this case will allow a challenge to a subpoena that led to an indictment for computer-related theft.

In "iPhone Trademarks: the Real Issues" Mark Rasch explains US trademark law and the issues underlying Apple's iPhone announcement, Cisco's iPhone trademark lawsuit, and how other companies also own and use iPhone trademarks.
CIM Nuclear Reactors, Materials, and Waste
Australia will shut down its first nuclear reactor, the HIFAR research reactor at Lucas Heights, which is 50 years old. It will take ten years to complete the closure. The new OPAL research reactor will be officially opened in April.

Canada's federal government has picked up most of the cost of insuring the country's nuclear facilities against terrorist attack.

India hosted a visit from Russian President Putin in which he reached preliminary agreement with Indian President APJ Abdul Kalem to build four nuclear plants in India.

Britain's Met Office produced a report on the effects of climate change and nuclear power. Rising sea levels, higher waves and increasingly severe storms present a heightened threat that is unlikely to harm current plants but does have significant implications for the next generation of nuclear power stations.

The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission granted Entergy an extension to 15 April to complete installation of back-up power for its alert and notification system, which was originally due by 30 January 30.
CIM Public Health and Healthcare
The World Health Organization reports that measles deaths have fallen by 60 percent since 1999.

WHO has revived efforts to eliminate a disease that was almost eradicated 40 years ago: Yaws eats away at skin, cartilage, and bones, and is re-emerging in poor, rural and marginalized populations in Africa, Asia, and South America.

Performance-linked pay for healthcare workers is the subject of these articles:
"Pay for Performance at the Tipping Point"
"Public Reporting and Pay for Performance in Hospital Quality Improvement"

South African scientists and ethicists warn of the danger presented by extremely drug resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB), and warn that in addition to surveillance and other measures, to prevent the spread of this rapidly fatal and highly contagious illness must involve isolation of patients, forcibly if necessary.
CIM Telecommunications
Finnish researchers report they found no overall link between mobile phones and cancer, except that people who had used a handset for longer than ten years were 39 percent more likely to develop a tumor. (in Finnish)

The US Federal Communications Commission has launched a taskforce on Media and Childhood Obesity: Today and Tomorrow.

Vietnam's Ministry of Post and Telecommunications is being restructured to modernize and better manage new technologies.
CIM Transportation
"Reviewing Canadian Aviation Security" was an independent study to review prevention of air terrorism. Among the results, they found little screening of charger and corporate flights at Canadian airports, opening their potential use for terrorist attacks. Information sharing between the government and airport security officials is also insufficient.

A group of Sikh priests boarded an Air New Zealand plane with their ceremonial daggers under their robes, exposing significant airport security vulnerability.

The US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) announced it would launch the Traveler Redress Inquiry Program on 20 February. DHS says it is "a central gateway to address watch list misidentification issues, situations where individuals believe they have faced screening problems at immigration points of entry, or have been unfairly or incorrectly delayed, denied boarding or identified for additional screening at our nation's transportation hubs".

DHS rules requiring citizens of the US, Canada, Mexico, Bermuda and some Caribbean islands to present a passport when entering the United States by air have come into force.
CIM Water
Australian Prime Minister John Howard has acknowledged the impact of global climate change and launched an ambitious program to address national water issues. He announced more than A$220 million funding for states and territories to improve water infrastructure and management.

In Bangladesh 100 children die each day from diarrhea caused by bad water. This week the Department of Public Health Engineering (DPHE), the UK Department for International Development (DFID) and UNICEF have agreed jointly to provide nearly $90 million to finance a 5-year water and sanitation scheme that will benefit 30 million people.

In Kenya, the Nairobi Water and Sewage Company has completed updates to their customer database that will help them collect long overdue bills and identify illegal connections and defective meters.

Management of solid waste and wastewater, followed by air and water pollution, are the most serious examples of environmental degradation in Nepal that could harm development and growth.

6. Disaster Reduction Monitor

News highlights from the past week are provided in this free email update, but detailed analysis, background information and source documents are only available to subscribers. Disaster Reduction Monitor subscriptions and other titles can be purchased here:
TAMNI Publications

Natural and manmade events are inevitable, but they need not become disasters. Subscribers to the monthly Disaster Reduction Monitor learn from past incidents to prevent future disasters. It includes analysis of historical events, emerging risks and risk mitigation, and features new techniques to address disaster reduction, ranging from technical advances to regulatory best practices and micro-finance.
DRM Incidents
A cholera outbreak has killed more than 570 people in Ethiopia. Response to the outbreak is hindered by the government's refusal to declare the emergency. Instead, they insist on calling it acute watery diarrhea to avoid harming cross-border trade and, in turn, the economy.

Rift Valley Fever in Kenya has killed at least 148 people and a case has now been identified in Nairobi, presenting a public health alert. Cases have also broken out in neighboring Somalia.

Southern Africa's rainy season came earlier and was more widespread than usual. More than 120,000 people have been affected in Angola, Malawi, Madagascar, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe. At least 84 people have been killed, most of them in Angola, where flooding was most severe in the capital Luanda, leaving more than 70 dead.

A dengue fever outbreak in Indonesia killed at least 51 people so far this month, and infected more than 3,400.

In central Peru floods and mudslides have left 16 dead, 20 missing, and some 150 families homeless.

There were several strong earthquakes in multiple areas of Indonesia this week. Four people died and four were injured in a 6.5 magnitude quake in North Sulawesi. Other quakes caused limited property damage.

French authorities have launched an inquiry into an accident in which a plane carrying more than 50 passengers skidded off the runway. It his a truck, and killed the driver, but no one on board was harmed.
DRM Response and Recovery
The black box recorders on the Adam Air flight that went missing on 1 January off the Indonesian coast have been found with the aid of the USNS Mary Sears, which was able to locate the flight recorder signals, and retrieval efforts are under way.

Lapindo Brantas' exploratory drilling triggered the Indonesian mud volcano that has devastated wide swathes of Java. This is the conclusive finding of the first scientific report into the disaster. It will continue to erupt and spew up to 150,000 cubic meters of mud each day, possible for years to come, leaving the area uninhabitable and more than 11,000 people permanently displaced. Indonesian welfare minister, Aburizal Barkie, whose family controls Lapindo Brantas, has insisted that the eruption was a natural event triggered by an earthquake. Lapindo faces multiple legal actions.,,1997749,00.html

Kenya has banned trade in livestock, the sale of raw milk, and is limiting travel to attempt to limit the spread of Rift Valley Fever, which has now been reported in the capital Nairobi.

EQECAT estimates that insured losses from European hurricane Kyrill will be from EU2.5 billion to EU5 billion. Risk Management Solutions (RMS) estimates are about the same. Munich Re estimates its losses up to EU500 million, and insured market loss at EU5-7 billion.

The MSC Napoli, which was badly damaged during winter storms earlier this month, presents two threats to the English coast, including Branscombe beach in Devon, which is a World Heritage site. First is damage from the heavy oil spill that has already killed at least three dolphins, and harmed many birds and other wildlife. The second threat is form the thousands of people descending on the beach to scavenge goods washed ashore. Police are using hundred-year-old salvage legislation to force people to return goods and stay away from the location. It could take a year or more to complete salvage of the 62,000-ton cargo freighter. Oil is being pumped from the freighter to avoid further leakage.,,1997304,00.html

State Farm will participate in a court supervised resolution process to reconsider and fully resolve claims from Hurricane Katrina in three Mississippi coastal counties. Parts of the settlement are on hold pending judicial review.
DRM Risks
Travelers launched the Risk Control customer Web portal, which is designed as a one-stop shop for answers to many risk control questions.

Nationwide Mutual Insurance commissioned a survey of 1,200 Americans, which finds that 83 percent believe they are safe drivers and 59 percent believe they do not "Drive While Distracted". However, 73 percent talk on cell phones, only 16 percent drive at or below the speed limit, and 38 percent admit they have driven a certain distance without any recollection of doing so.
DRM Mitigation
At the World Economic Forum, the UN announced that Citigroup's Foundation will grant $3.2 million over two years to fund the Strengthening Emergency Needs Assessment Capacity initiative that focuses on gathering data on potential future disasters.

7. Recommended Reading

This week we look at two annual meetings: the World Economic Forum and the World Social Forum. They are held at the same time, reflecting the counterbalancing forces of globalization and its opponents, who point to the negative impact that globalization has had on many of the poorest and most vulnerable around the world.

The World Economic Forum was launched in 1971. It is an independent international organization committed to improving the state of the world by engaging leaders in partnerships to shape global, regional and industry agendas. The nonprofit foundation, based in Geneva, Switzerland, is impartial and tied to no political, partisan or national interests.

Geoffrey Allen Pigman's "World Economic Forum: A Multi-Stakeholder Approach to Global Governance" (Routledge, 2007) provides an excellent introduction. It covers the history, how it works, its role in contemporary society, theoretical questions, generating knowledge, and other issues.

This year 2,400 people attended the annual meeting, including 800 CEOs or Chairmen, the highest number of business executives ever attending. There are also 211 public figures, including 24 heads of state or government, 85 cabinet ministers, 24 ambassadors and 58 heads or senior officials of international organizations; more than 482 participants from civil society including-31 heads of non-governmental organizations, 13 union leaders, 161 leaders from academic institutions and think tanks, 270 media leaders, and 22 religious leaders of different faiths

The theme of the World Economic Forum's annual meeting was "Shaping the Global Agenda: The Shifting Power Equation". The notion of shifting power ranges from users given new power through web applications (Web 2.0, Second Life, blogs) to shifting economic power to Asia (China and India).

The power of the internet was illustrated by the Forum's actions:
* The first blog of any international organization, with asked all participants asked to provide at least one posting.
* This and all other blogs related to the meeting will be part of a bloggregator, the Davos Conversation page
* Selected participants are also being interviewed in the virtual world of Second Life.
* Best pictures are made available on a public photostream

The power of dialog among participants from different walks of life is illustrated among multiple initiatives and task forces:
* Global Health Initiative
* Disaster Resource Network
* Humanitarian Relief Initiative
* Global Education Initiative
* Global Risk Network

These links go to special reports with collections of articles and blogs on the World Economic Forum:
* AmericaEconomia (Latin America) (in Spanish)
* BBC (UK, World)
* Bloomberg (US)
* CNN (US, World)
* Forbes (US)
* Financial Times (UK, World) (in German)
* Handelsblatt (Germany) (in German)
* Independent (UK)
* International Herald Tribune (US, World)
* Le Temps (France) (in French)
* Menafn (Middle East)
* Rediff (India)
* Reuters (UK, World)
Sueddeutsche (Germany) (in German)
* Swissinfo (Switzerland)
* Swiss TV (Switzerland) (in German) (in French)
* Telegraph (UK)
* Times (UK),,19149,00.html
* Wall Street Journal

The World Social Forum was formed by a group of Brazilian organizations that held the first Forum in 2001. It was designed as a counterbalance and opposition to the large multinational corporations, governments and institutions that favor globalization, and dominate the World Economic Forum.

This year's meeting was held in Kenya and attracted 60,000 participants from all over the world. For the first time large numbers of African delegates were able to attend. In contrast to the high tech broadcasts and formal agenda of the World Economic Forum, this massive public event was a chaotic collection conversations, art, poetry, dance, drama, and protests. Topics covered included HIV/AIDS, poverty, gender equality, debt cancellation, fair trade, and many other issues. The meeting ended with a 14 kilometer run through the slums of Nairobi.

Press coverage of the World Social Forum can be found through these links:
* BBC (UK, Global)
* Daily Star (Bangladesh)
* Guardian (UK)
* Financial Express (Bangladesh)
* IRINnews (Global)
* Nation (Kenya)
* NZZ Online (Switzerland)
* OneWorld South Asia (UK, Global)
* People's Daily Online (China)
* Prensa Latina (Cuba)
* Scotsman (UK)
* Social Rights Bulgaria
* Standard (Kenya)
* Voice of America (US)

Also note the BBC's special series on Globalization:

8. Asset Management Network News

TAMNI has released two new Special Reports. "The Interconnected Century: Critical Security Issues" describes the ways in which individuals, governments, and businesses rely for their very survival on networks, both explicit and informal. It raises the issues of how these networks interact, and provides examples of practical ways to address risks and opportunities in each sector of the critical infrastructure.

"Trends in Terrorism 2006" provides statistical summaries and analysis of the trends in attacks, tactics, facilities, geographic distribution and other areas for 2006. It includes quantitative comparison over time, and compares these to trends over the past 40 years, and how they compare to natural disasters. This year has expanded to include a chronology of major incidents.

People who purchase a subscription to one of the Asset Management Network Monitors receive related Special Reports at no additional charge. If you purchase one of our premium subscription services between now and 31 January, ten percent of the purchase price will be donated to The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.


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Editorial Team

All Rights Reserved. Copyright 2006 by The Asset Management Network Inc.

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This Newsletter, "Global Terrorism Monitor", "Political Risk Monitor", "AML/CFT Monitor", "Emerging Threat Monitor", "Critical Infrastructure Monitor", and associated databases are published by The Asset Management Network, Inc., P.O. Box 380313, Cambridge MA 02238-0313. Tel + 1 , Fax + 1 . Email